The below is a part of
traceroute to my hosted server:
9 ae-2-2.ebr2.dallas1.level3.net (18.104.22.168) 19.433 ms 19.599 ms 19.275 ms 10 ae-72-72.csw2.dallas1.level3.net (22.214.171.124) 19.496 ms ae-82-82.csw3.dallas1.level3.net (126.96.36.199) 19.630 ms ae-62-62.csw1.dallas1.level3.net (188.8.131.52) 19.518 ms 11 ae-3-80.edge4.dallas3.level3.net (184.108.40.206) 19.659 ms ae-2-70.edge4.dallas3.level3.net (220.127.116.11) 90.610 ms ae-4-90.edge4.dallas3.level3.net (18.104.22.168) 19.658 ms 12 the-planet.edge4.dallas3.level3.net (22.214.171.124) 19.905 ms 19.519 ms 19.688 ms 13 te9-2.dsr01.dllstx3.networklayer.com (126.96.36.199) 40.037 ms 24.063 ms te2-4.dsr02.dllstx3.networklayer.com (188.8.131.52) 28.605 ms 14 * * * 15 * * * 16 zyzzyva.site5.com (184.108.40.206) 20.414 ms 20.603 ms 20.467 ms
What's the meaning of lines 14 and 15? Information hidden?
If a packet is not acknowledged within the expected timeout, an asterisk is displayed.
However zyzzyva.site5.com did eventually respond which is why you have line 16.
Another reason is that typically 3 packets are sent to each machine, and some machines will only respond to the first packet no matter what.
If the problem is just a timeout issue, you can set the
-w parameter to the number of seconds you want to wait; e.g.,
traceroute -w 10 google.com will wait 10 seconds instead of the default of 5 seconds.
Traceroute sends packets to the destination with the field "time to live" (TTL) equal to the number of hops.
Every router decreases the value of TTL of an incoming packet and if it sees an incoming packet with TTL = 0 then drops it, otherwise it decreases the value and sends it further. At the same time it sends diagnosing information to the source about router's identity.
If router does not respond within a timeout then traceroute prints an asterisk. Lines 14 and 15 show that routers which drop packets with original TTLs 14 and 15 did not respond within timeout.