What is the purpose of the brackets in function declarations. For instance what's the difference between the following:
/// without brackets pub fn new_with_now(now: T) -> SomeType /// with brackets pub fn new_with_now<T: Now>(now: T) -> SomeType
The answer is in the doc: Generics
A type parameter is specified as generic by the use of angle brackets and upper camel case: . "Generic type parameters" are typically represented as . In Rust, "generic" also describes anything that accepts one or more generic type parameters . Any type specified as a generic type parameter is generic, and everything else is concrete (non-generic).
Your second definition is a type restriction to
T requiring an implementation of
Now (whatever that may be). In turn, below the hood, the compiler will generate a variant of
new_with_now for every
struct used that implements
Now and calls this function at any given point.